Which Rules of the Highway Code Are Enforceable by Law

Which Rules of the Highway Code Are Enforceable by Law

There are rules for everything from driving in adverse weather conditions to highways, electric scooters, and breakdowns. The Departmental Committee for the Regulation of Motor Vehicles announced in 1920 that “a mandatory and uniform signal code for all road vehicles should come into force”. [2] London drivers had developed a system to signal their intention to turn right or stop with their arm, which was considered so beneficial that it needed to be mandatory and standardised as a code of conduct across the country. The code allowed the driver to use their own arm or dummy arm – which had obvious advantages in wet weather for drivers with the luxury of an enclosed cab or for drivers with left-hand drive vehicles, as in imported American cars. The intention to introduce the mandatory code was delayed, and in subsequent years the code was expanded to include whip signals for horse-drawn vehicles and signals for police officers controlling intersections. To whom the highway code is intended, as it is formulated, the consequences of non-compliance with the rules, autonomous vehicles and the hierarchy of road users (rules H1 to H3). In 1923, a penny pamphlet was published by His Majesty`s Stationery Office and approved by the Home Office (and Scottish Office). This brochure, entitled Traffic Lights for Police and Vehicle Drivers, was born out of discussions between the police and the Motorists` Association. [3] In the years that followed, the code was not only promoted by automobile associations, but also popularized with posters from the National Safety First Association (which continued this work after being renamed the Royal Society for the Prevention of Accidents in 1936). The code prescribes rules that should generally give cyclists, riders and horse-drawn carts more space on the roads – when in doubt, yield the right-of-way. “Failure to comply with the other rules of the Code shall not directly result in a fine, prosecution or disqualification. It is not a legal document and its rules are not official traffic laws. It contains 307 regulations, and violation of many of them can result in penalties.

Although failure to comply with the other rules of the Highway Traffic Act does not in itself result in prosecution, the Highway Traffic Act may be used as evidence to establish liability in any legal proceeding under the Highway Traffic Act (see The Highway Traffic User and the Act). This includes rules that use advisory phrases such as “should/should not” or “not/not”. This could result in an increase in the number of minor – and some serious – offences whose prevalence could drive up insurance premiums, but which could be prevented by appropriate education. The “road user hierarchy” is, according to the official highway code, “a concept that places the most vulnerable road users at the top of the hierarchy in the event of a collision”. There are three specific rules covering the concept:[7] The Highway Code is a set of information, advice, guides and binding rules for road users in the United Kingdom. The aim is to promote road safety. The Highway Traffic Act applies to all road users, including pedestrians, cyclists and cyclists, as well as motorcyclists and drivers. There is information on traffic signs, road markings, vehicle markings and road safety. There are appendices on vehicle maintenance, driver`s license requirements, documentation, penalties, and vehicle safety. Any rule that uses phrases such as “SHALL” or “SHALL NOT” is supported by legislation usually referred to at the end of the paragraph. The “road user hierarchy” is a concept that places the most vulnerable road users at the top of the hierarchy in the event of a collision.

Hierarchy does not eliminate the need for everyone to behave responsibly. The road users most likely to be injured in a collision are pedestrians, cyclists, motorcyclists and motorcyclists, with children, the elderly and people with disabilities being more vulnerable. The following H rules illustrate this concept. This awareness issue is one of the main concerns related to the government`s recent plans to revise the code, which will come into force in early 2022. According to the CARs, the Highway Traffic Act itself is not a legal document and the rules described therein are not official traffic laws. But at the end of the day, the rules are the rules – the code implicitly states that you have to get back to the left lane as soon as you pass safely. The history of the Highway Code dates back to before the first road legislation, the Road Traffic Act 1930, and was published to give motorists advice on the use of traffic lights. This is a particular problem with larger or slower vehicles, which are politely asked to check their mirrors frequently and, if necessary and safely, stop to let traffic through. But still? The most significant change to the highway code is a new “road user hierarchy” or pyramid, which ranks road users according to the danger they pose to others. None of these new rules automatically affect insurance, but the danger is that low public awareness will leave most road users unaware of their new rights and obligations. Knowledge of the Highway Code is essential because if drivers are not aware of its regulations, it can only be applied retroactively, which contributes little to road safety. Knowledge and enforcement of the rules contained in the Highway Code could significantly reduce the number of road fatalities.

Reducing the number of deaths and injuries that occur on our roads every day is a responsibility we all share. The Highway Traffic Act can help us fulfill this responsibility. For more information on driving techniques, see “The official DVSA driving guide – essential skills” and “The official DVSA driving guide – essential skills”. The blue sign on the bus lane also indicates which other road users are allowed to use it. For the rest of the rules, if you do not comply, you may not be directly liable for a fine, prosecution or disqualification, but the text of the rules can be used in court as evidence of a violation. The curve here is that this practice is actually allowed in certain circumstances – although rarely in those where the rule is broken. All bus lanes have blue signs indicating their hours of operation, which can vary greatly from street to street. By operating hours, we mean the periods during which only buses are allowed to run on the tracks. The government says that “many of the rules in the code are legal requirements, and if you ignore those rules, you are committing a crime. The Highway Code is a comprehensive guide to traffic rules, the AA explains.

8 new rules are introduced and 49 updates to existing rules. Learn more. It appears that the changes to the code come into effect long before most drivers notice them. Other major revisions followed after World War II, such as the removal of references to trams after the 1954 version. (Blackpool was for decades the only place in Britain with a tram system. Tram rules returned to code in 1994 after the first modern tram systems opened in the UK.) Highway driving was included in the fifth edition. The sixth edition in 1968 used both photographs and drawings for the first time, and also updated road sign illustrations to reflect the new “continental” designs. The 1978 70-page edition introduced the green cross code for pedestrians and orange badges for unqualified drivers. The format was changed to a “larger” size in the 1990s. An electronic traffic law application followed in 2012. Following the 2020 public consultations[6], a new “hierarchy of road users” was included in the 17th edition (2022), ranking road users according to their risk in the event of a collision, with the most vulnerable coming first.

[6] At an intersection, these road users should yield the right of way to pedestrians crossing a road or waiting to cross a road on (or from) which they are turning.